Emperor Ashoka: A great emperor

 Emperor Ashoka: A great emperor


Emperor Ashoka: A great emperor
After the death of the Mauryan emperor Bindusara, B.C. 273
In, Devanam Priyapriyadarshi came to Ashoka kingdom. Actually
His coronation ceremony, however, took place in BC. Done in 269.
Reigned for 33 years. He died in 236.
As a significant period in the history of ancient India
Ashoka’s tenure is mentioned. Emperor
Ashoka’s memories were nurtured in Buddhist literature.
From Mahaparinirvana Sutra, Divyavadan and Mahavansh
Information about Emperor Ashoka was available. Even in Vishnu Purana
Get information. Also extremely in the form of inscriptions
Reliable evidence is available. Available in India
The oldest inscription is about Ashoka.
So far a total of 14 huge inscriptions, 7 columns,
And two small inscriptions have been found. Of this inscription
James’s work of reading and deciphering the Kharoshtri script
Prinsep, a Western scholar, did. Of Maskey and Gujjar
From the inscription it is indisputably proved that, come
Devanam dear Priyadarshi Raja mentioned in the inscription,
Emperor Ashoka Yes, Kalinga is one of Ashoka’s inscriptions
Inscriptions, Maski and Rupnath Inscriptions, Lauria Arraj,
Mehrauli should be especially noteworthy.
(6) Ashoka’s accession to the throne
BC In the year 273, Emperor Ashoka came to the kingdom.
The coronation ceremony, however, took place four years later. In the year 269
Done. An explanation of this four-year delay comes from Buddhism
Gets. Among the princes of Emperor Bindusara on the occasion of his accession to the throne
Maybe there was a conflict. Emperor according to Buddhist tradition
Ashoka had a hundred brothers and sisters. By struggling with them
Information that implies that Ashoka gained the kingdom
It is obtained from Buddhist fragrance. Ashoka is in mourning on the occasion of his coronation
There is an argument in the Buddhist tradition that there was cruel karma
Is exaggerated. Ashoka from Ashoka’s inscription
References that Jivapad loves his siblings
Get. So the reality will be that something will come to the state
The ascension to the throne was delayed due to conflict
That’s all. From the Indian mentality of exaggeration
The stories of Kalashoka must have become prevalent.
(7) Battle of Kalinga: 261 BC
Ashoka’s eighth year of coronation
The most far-reaching event in life,
Took place in the form of the Battle of Kalinga. Today’s Orissa
The coastline of the province at that time was a state called Kalinga
Were. The people of this kingdom were great warriors. On a fragmented country
The Mauryas were in power, so was this state called Kalingadesh
The ambition to win was created in the mind of Emperor Ashoka
Done. He invaded Kalinga. That is the battle
There was an odd conflict. There was no equal battle. Where huge
Emperor Ashoka and his mighty army and
Where a small anonymous king of Kalinga desi and his
A handful of troops but unexpectedly the battle was fierce.
Kalinga’s soldiers fought for their lives. Huge
There were casualties and financial losses. Full Kalinga was devastated.
One and a half lakh soldiers were taken prisoner of war by the Mauryan emperor.
More than a million soldiers were killed. So many times his soldiers
Wounded. In the hands of Kalinga Mauryas after so much destruction
Came. This devastation in the battle of Kalinga took place on Ashoka’s 13th
In the inscription, it is described. Of that information
There is no room for doubt about credibility. Of course in that too
Maybe a bit of an exaggeration but one thing
It is undeniable that this is the life of Ashoka
The battle was memorable.
(8) Revolutionary change
The battle was said to be a victory-defeat. Demolition,
Financial loss is inevitable. The same goes for the Battle of Kalinga
Done. Usually due to the financial loss of the enemy, the loss of human lives
Victorious kings rejoice. Their ego soothes.
The chest swells with strength and the intoxication of success rises. More
The desire to conquer the country becomes strong. Like a tiger
If a man’s blood clots, he is a victim of men
As he does, the mighty king, after one victory after another,
Run to the third victorious struggle. All over the world
The same is true of mighty kings. The exception happened
Only after the Battle of Kalinga.
After the success of Kalinga, Emperor Ashoka wished him success
Did not climb. His ego did not dry up. Emperor
Destroy the brave warrior in Ashoka’s personality
And the expansion of empires by conquering kingdom after kingdom
Greed did not escape. The opposite happened. Of Emperor Ashoka Kalinga
Distressed by the devastation of the battle. He did the math of success.
He calmed down what we got after so much destruction
The cheetah thought. The land of Kalinga came into his hands
It was obvious. But his focus is on that land rather than on this lifeless land
Was to the living man who lived. That man because of the destruction
He had been judged. He was estranged. Millions
The man had been killed, and the rest were alienated
Was. Emperor Ashoka came to know about this and so on
He realized the futility of the destruction and violence in the conflict.
Weapons can be used to gain inanimate wealth. But the minds of men
Weapons are useless if you want to win. Emperor
Ashoka realized the futility of the weapon. His
There was a radical change in his personality. Even his biography
Changed. He stopped the pilgrimage and ate meat.
He had great faith in non-violence. No longer on arms
By winning the hearts of the people with love without expanding the empire
The idea of ​​ruling the mind empire in his head
Came. A huge transition took place.
(9) Acceptance of Buddhism and propagation of Dharma
Immediately after the battle of Kalinga, Emperor Ashoka became a Buddhist beggar
Sh
Came in contact with Upagupta. From Upagupta he converted to Buddhism
Took initiation. He decided not to wage an armed war.
Non-violence became his religion. He told the people in the palace
Asked to give up meat. Meat was banned in the state.
Bheri Ghosh stopped in the state and instead he chanted Dharma Ghosh
Done. Reduced the burden on the army. Army drills
Reduced. He started the pilgrimage himself. Siddhartha Gautam
He built chaityas in all the places sanctified by the footsteps of the Buddha
Vihar stupa erected. He built 84,000 such stupas
Believes in Buddhist tradition. Dharma Mahamantra for Dharmaprachara and
He used inscriptions in various places to spread philosophy,
Carved the column. These inscriptions are mainly on highways, across the state
Places that will be easily noticed on the highway
Were carved. From this inscription he also sent a message to the missionaries
Are given. He also instructed the officials in the administration
Are. We are not the masters but the servants of the people
The content of the instructions is significant.

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