Detailed Biography of Raja Rammohan Roy (1772-1833)

Biography of Raja Rammohan Roy (1772-1833) 



He was born in an aristocratic family in Bengal. As a student, he wrote original texts of various religions Studied. It contains Vedas, Bible and Quran Was included. For this he studied Sanskrit, Hebrew, Greek and Persian was studied in depth English.
Biography of Raja Rammohan Roy (1772-1833)
He was also fluent in the language. Islam on them in youth There was an influence of culture and thought. Especially Monotheistic and rationalist They were loaded. Of course the whole study of Islam He did so with a keen and rational approach Because of the traditionalist Islamic thought they never Not accepted. He was also a keen student of Hinduism. 


Deep subjects like Vedas, Upanishads, Dharmashastra, Hindu law He ha hid studied self consciously. So childhood Roy, a staunch follower of traditional Hindu customs The North became monotheistic in life. Gathered on Dharmakalpana Kolishtake is not the true religion but of the entire human race There is only one religion. There is only one God and faith in Him Should be kept. 

Principles based on the idea of ​​cosmology He stated in his book. Sectarianism is a virtue Are created by the idea of ​​worship. Due to the disappearance of intellect, superstition was fooled Superstition is the predominance of external religious practices, that’s what Rooney has clearly said. 

Avatarism also to them Is invalid. Explaining God’s thoughts to everyone They insisted that the apostles were not needed to give Is the rendering. The ultimate goal of every religion is human This is your first post It is presented in religious texts. The same thoughts then There was great excitement among the Bengali Pandits. By many An argument broke out with Rammohan. 

But classical or logical By the way Royney proved the superiority of his opinion. Rammohan He is fluent in Persian, Bengali and English Compiled books. Even thinkers like Jeremy Bentham His English was mouth-watering. 1814 This up to. Their time is next to theirs It was like a prelude to social work. 16/17 years from 1814 to 1830 During this period Rammohan remained in Calcutta. 1815 In, he started an organization called Atmiya Sabha. 

Biography of Raja Rammohan Roy


On her platform, religion, philosophy, as well as sati, casteism, Evil practices such as aristocracy were also discussed. Many traditionalists stood up against him. But Royney gave the right answer. On Vedanta Rammohan’s Christian from his writings There was also a literal war with the  Superstitions and socialism prevalent while criticizing religion Excessive emphasis on customs and Hinduism They do not even utter a word about the basic principles There is rudeness. 

Early Christians in the fifteenth century There was immorality in religion too. Then criticize it too Hindus have the right to do so, an unequivocal argument Royney proposed. Kelly, that’s the common misconception. But that’s all May have received due to the influence of. Of the common people The Brahmo Samaj was founded by Rammohan Roy Not right. 

The opinion that such a sect should be formed Rammohan was not. All the world on the principle of monotheism His belief that it is possible to bring religions together Was. This idea was effective in England and America as well Unitarian societies were established. Hindu Roy has already set out to promote monotheism Vedanta College (1825) and later Calcutta Unitarian Committee formed. Brahmosabha followed her Was established (1828). 

Next to this Brahmo Sabha The Brahmo Samaj came to be known as. Of Brahmosabha Through Rammohan Royani all the important in the world Attempted to bring about a confluence of theology, Roy’s work in social reform Mentioned educational ideas and work first Should. Superstition, ignorance and unscientific vision Let there be a man free from the shackles of all, This was Rammohan’s passion. Inclusion of science. 

Only the existing education can bring about enlightenment He had faith. So they are European people and To start schools run by Christian missionaries Assisted in the effort. In collaboration with David Hair Royni teaches modern-day science-based education Decided to set up a school (Hindu College). 

To this plan Some British and Hindu leaders gave spontaneous support. But It is understood that Rammohan Roy is behind the removal of this school Hindu leader Bitharle Varoy removed from the founding committee Put it down, otherwise we will be on the sidelines Caught. Royna was more interested in leaving school; The founders were not on the committee. They become yours Name withdrawn. But Hindu College from outside in every way Helped. Rammohan himself later passed away in 1822 English School (Anglo-Hindu School). 

The same Devendranath Tagore learned in school. In 1823, Dr. Alexander Daphne missionary space for his school And Roy was instrumental in getting the students. inspired by Rammohan Roy’s social reform work Utilitarian thinking and the philosophy of the poet Saadi To do good to the people for the sake of welfare and humanism They thought we should try. They There should be a sati ban law in the social reform work done So they worked very hard. Sati’s move is inhuman Yes, even knowing this, the company government in Hindu customs He did not dare to interfere. Forcing Sati to go means The murder of that woman His assertion was yes and often That was forced, Roy pointed out. 

They Established a vigilance committee in Calcutta. Sati Forced to go or pay attention to what The committee used to keep it. Moreover, the referendum He also began to awaken. For that He published some booklets in Bengali and English. In 1829, Governor General Bentinck banned sati Even when the law was introduced, conservatives criticized it Mohal woke up. 

Rammohan was standing behind Bentinck at that time Remained. A Hindu woman does not get a share in her father’s wealth He was of the opinion that this was a blatant injustice. 1822 In a booklet to address this question Published. Caste system in Hindu society It has caused a rift in political life That is why politics that seems insulting to India He regretted being enslaved. Social reform To spread his views on the subject, he wrote 1821 In started a Bengali weekly called Samvadkaumudi

It was through these journals that he launched the free trade Policy rewarded. The condition of the common people Administrative reforms are needed to improve Made such a demand and of India from England Voices were raised against economic exploitation. Social and The economic of cultural awakening and reform He believes that the situation is closely related. Of the Europeans Together there will be a cultural revival of the people here. 

They thought so. Moreover, so is Western technology in India Will reach, the labor of the local landlords here He will get out of trouble and pay him a little money They also thought it was possible to get it in form. Of course, he also overlooked the potential loss Was not. British company’s monopoly on salt trade terminated.

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